Recent studies suggest reflect on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT), as they may be two separate disorders with different causes, symptoms, characteristics and treatments.
The aim of this study was to analyze the differences in cognitive profiles of two groups of children who were diagnosed as ADHD and SCT respectively.
The participants were 40 children, 20 diagnosed as ADHD and 20 as SCT, aged between 6 and 13 years. The Weschler Intelligence Scale for Children version IV (WISC-IV) was used to analyze the neuropsychological profile of the participants. A cross-sectional design was used and data were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test.
The results showed significant differences between groups in working memory and processing speed, as well as in different subtests of these measures.
This work has showed differences between the neurocognitive profiles of ADHD and SCT, which suggests that these may be different disorders or disease entities.