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dc.contributor.authorPérez-Sancho, Jessica
dc.contributor.authorRosado, Abel
dc.contributor.authorSchapire, Arnaldo
dc.contributor.authorRuiz-Lopez, Noemi
dc.contributor.authorOsorio, Sonia
dc.contributor.authorVanneste, Steffen
dc.contributor.authorWilltmitzer, Lothar
dc.contributor.authorSalinas, Julio
dc.contributor.authorBotella-Mesa, Miguel Angel 
dc.date.accessioned2016-10-28T09:36:05Z
dc.date.available2016-10-28T09:36:05Z
dc.date.created2016
dc.date.issued2016-10-28
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10630/12296
dc.description.abstractCold acclimation is the capacity of certain plants to increase their freezing tolerance in response to a period of low non-freezing temperatures. Cold acclimation involves a series of biochemical and physiological adaptations, including a deep transcriptional reprogramming and drastic changes in the lipid composition of cellular membranes in order to prevent the freeze-induced damage (1). While a profound knowledge has been acquired on the regulation of gene expression triggered by cold-acclimation, very little is known about the mechanisms governing the cold-induced changes in membranes’ lipid composition. In this study we report that in Arabidopsis, the constitutively expressed Synaptotagmin 1 (SYT1) and the cold-induced homolog Synaptotagmin 3 (SYT3) are essential for cold- acclimated freezing tolerance and for the lipid remodelling of the plasma membrane during cold-acclimation. SYT1 and SYT3 are phospholipid-binding proteins located in Endoplasmic Reticulum-Plasma Membrane contact sites (ER-PMcs), conserved structures defined as regions of the cortical ER in close apposition to the PM (2). ER-PMcs facilitate the non-vesicular lipid transport between ER and PM in yeast and mammals, and are essential for lipid homeostasis (3). In contrast to the high and ubiquitous SYT1 expression, SYT3 expression is low and mainly restricted to meristemoids, young stomata, and old primary root. TIRF microscopy analyses show that during cold acclimation there is an increase of SYT1::SYT1:GFP and SYT3::SYT3:GFP signals as spots at the PM. High-resolution lipidome analyses show the over-accumulation of phosphatidylinositols phosphate (PIPs) and glycerolipids in vivo in syt1 and specially syt1/syt3 mutant plants compared to WT in one-week cold-acclimated plants. Interestingly, protein-lipid overlay assays (membrane-strips and PIP-strips) reveal PIPs and glycerolipids as major interactors for both, SYT1 and SYT3. Here we show that 1) Arabidopsis SYT1 and SYT3 are induced by cold, 2) SYT1 and SYT3 localize to ER-PMcs, 3) the specific lipids that directly interact with SYT1 and SYT3 accumulate in syt1/syt3 mutant after cold acclimation, and 4) syt1/syt3 show reduced cold acclimated freezing tolerance. We propose that SYT1 and SYT3 have essential roles in ER-PMcs mediated lipid remodelling during cold acclimation, which in turn leads to freezing tolerance.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversidad de Málaga. Campus de Excelencia Internacional Andalucía Tech.es_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_ES
dc.subjectPlantas -- Protecciónes_ES
dc.subject.otherCold tolerancees_ES
dc.subject.otherSynaptotagmines_ES
dc.subject.otherPlasma membrane contact sitees_ES
dc.titlePlasma membrane lipid remodeling during cold acclimation is mediated by the ER-PM contact sites-localized synaptotagmins 1 and 3es_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObjectes_ES
dc.centroFacultad de Cienciases_ES
dc.relation.eventtitleXIII Reunión Biología Molecular de plantases_ES
dc.relation.eventplaceOviedoes_ES
dc.relation.eventdate22/Junio/2016es_ES
dc.cclicenseby-nc-ndes_ES


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