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dc.contributor.authorRivera-Ramirez, Alicia 
dc.contributor.authorSuárez-Boomgaard, Diana
dc.contributor.authorGago, Belén
dc.contributor.authorValderrama-Carvajal, Alejandra
dc.contributor.authorMedina-Luque, José
dc.contributor.authorRoales Buján, R
dc.contributor.authorFuxe, K
dc.contributor.authorDe-la-Calle-Martin, Adelaida 
dc.date.accessioned2013-07-04T08:09:42Z
dc.date.available2013-07-04T08:09:42Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10630/5589
dc.description.abstractMorphine induces dopamine release in the caudate putamen (CPu), which promotes stereotyped behavior and habit learning for drug-seeking and –taking. Nigrostriatal pathway stimulation by morphine is due to a removal of tonic inhibition arising from SNr GABA interneurons on SNc dopaminergic neurons through the mu opioid receptor (MOR). Long-term morphine exposure produces a series of adaptations in SNc dopamine neurons, which affect neuron excitability and dopamine output to CPu. We have previously shown that dopamine D4 receptor (D4R) stimulation counteracts acute and chronic morphine-induced accumulation of several transcription factors in the CPu (Gago et al., 2011 Brain Res.). Since D4R is expressed in the SNr (Rivera et al., Brain Res. 2003), we postulate that a functional D4R-MOR interaction at the midbrain level could exists. We have investigated the role of D4R in the morphine-induced nigroestriatal dopamine metabolism in the rat brain using biochemical and immunohistochemical techniques. We also have studied the influence of D4R on morphine-induced morphological changes in SNc dopamine neurons using both immunohistochemical and image analysis techniques. Finally, we examined a possible underlying mechanism of the D4R-MOR interaction at the SN level using in vitro quantitative receptor autoradiography. We have found that D4R activation restores dopamine metabolism in the nigroestriatal pathway after acute morphine treatment and prevents morphine-induced rise of tyroxine hydroxylase and dopamine transporter. Rats receiving a continuous treatment of morphine (6 days) showed SNc dopamine neurons with smaller size and higher circularity index compared with the controls animals. These morphine-induced morphological adaptatives changes were prevented when a D4R agonist (PD168,077) was administered at the same time with morphine. Autoradiographic studies demonstrated that the D4R agonist reduce the affinity of MOR. The present study provides evidence for the existence of a fully blocking effect of the D4R on the activation of dopaminergic nigroestriatal pathway by morphine.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipFinanciación: P09-CVI- 4702 (Proyecto de Excelencia de la Junta de Andalucía)es_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subjectDopamina - Receptoreses_ES
dc.subject.otherDopaminaes_ES
dc.subject.otherInteracción de receptoreses_ES
dc.subject.otherEstriadoes_ES
dc.subject.otherAdicciónes_ES
dc.titleDopamine D4 receptor activation counteracts nigrostriatal pathway activation by morphine: relevance in drug addiction.es_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObjectes_ES
dc.centroFacultad de Cienciases_ES


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