|dc.description.abstract||We have previously demonstrated the functional interaction between the
hypothalamic defence area (HDA) and the medial parabrachial region (mPB) in
the cardiorespiratory response evoked to HDA electrical stimulation (Díaz-
Casares et al., 2009, 2012). The aim of this work is characterise the role of
angiotensin II (AngII) in this interaction.
On spontaneously breathing anaesthetised rats (sodium pentobarbitone,
60mg/kg, n=6), the cardiorespiratory response evoked by electrical stimulation
of the HDA (1ms pulses, 20-50 μA, at 100Hz, 5s) was analysed before and 10
minutes after the microinjection of AngII into the mPB (50pmol, 50nl, 5s).
An increase of heart rate (from 398 ± 13.1 to 430 ± 11.8 bpm, p<0.05) and a
decrease of respiratory rate (from 124 ± 10.7 to 96 ± 10.6 cpm, p<0.05) were
observed after the microinjection of AngII into the mPB. No changes were
observed in mean arterial pressure (from 98 ± 4.5 to 104 ± 4.1 mmHg). The
amplitude of the tachycardia evoked by HDA stimulation decreased after the
microinjection of AngII within the mPB (from 26.8 ± 4.5 to 11.8 ± 3.0 bpm
p<0.01). No changes were observed in the amplitude of the pressor response
These data indicate that AngII receptors from mPB have an important role in
mediating the cardiorespiratory activity in resting conditions. The decrease of
the heart rate component of the defence reaction suggests also its importance
modulating the cardiac component the baroreceptor reflex.
Díaz-Casares A, López-González MV, Peinado-Aragonés CA, Lara JP, González-Barón S and
Dawid-Milner MS. Brain Research 2009; 1279: 58-70.
Díaz-Casares A, López-González MV, Peinado-Aragonés CA, González-Barón S and Dawid-
Milner MS. Autonomic Neurosci. 2012; 169: 124-134.||es_ES