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dc.contributor.authorCuesta-Vargas, Antonio 
dc.contributor.authorPerez Cruzado, David
dc.contributor.authorGonzalez Sanchez, Manuel
dc.contributor.authorMerchan Baeza, Jose Antonio
dc.contributor.authorRoldan Jimenez, Cristina
dc.contributor.authorRodriguez Moya, Alejandro
dc.contributor.authorPaz Lourido, Berta
dc.date.accessioned2014-10-16T10:59:30Z
dc.date.available2014-10-16T10:59:30Z
dc.date.created2014-10
dc.date.issued2014-10-16
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10630/8239
dc.description.abstractBackground People with obesity often have problems with postural control. Some studies show that people with intellectual disabilities (ID) have a higher likelihood of having falls than the general population, with a prevalence in adults of between 29% and 70% (Cox et al., 2010). Currently, there are no studies that show the effects of obesity on independence and balance in people with ID. The objective of our study is analyse, in people with ID, the degree of influence that obesity has on independence with regard to activities of daily living, static and semi-static balance. Therefore, we can compare two groups: obese people and non-obese people. Our hypothesis is that obesity will exercise a negative influence on static and semi-static balance as well as on independence and the development of the activities of daily living. Method In a cross-sectional study, we compared static and semi-static balance in two groups of people with ID: the obese and the non-obese. All those in the sample had a low ID (IQ: 70-50) to mild ID (IQ 50-35). To measure balance we used a single leg balance test (SLBT) with opened eyes and closed eyes, and a functional reach test (FRT). In order to measure levels of dependence we used a Barthel index. The outcome variables were: time in balance in SLBT open eyes/closed eyes), maximum range of FRT and Barthel index. Results and Discussion We found significant differences in all outcome variables between two groups. To our knowledge, this is the first study to analyze how obesity affects independence, static balance and semi-static balance in people with ID. However, other studies have analyzed the effects of obesity on the general population (Singh et al., 2009). In both studies (General population: Singh et al. 2009 and people with ID in this study) we observed that obesity can be a determinant of negatively static balance and semi-static balance. Conclussion The main conclusion of this study is that obesity has a negative effect on independence, static balance and semi-static balance in people with ID. These results would have been carried out when we carry out an intervention on people with ID to prevent falls. References - Cox CR, Clemson L, Stancliffe RJ, Durvasula S, Sherrington C. Incidence of and risk factors for falls among adults with an intellectual disability. J Intellect Disabil Res. 2010 Dec;54(12):1045-57. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2788.2010.01333.x. - Enkelaar L, Smulders E, van Schrojenstein Lantman-de Valk H, Weerdesteyn V, Geurts AC. Clinical measures are feasible and sensitive to assess balance and gait capacities in older persons with mild to moderate Intellectual Disabilities. Res Dev Disabil. 2013 Jan;34(1):276-85. doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2012.08.014. - Singh D, Park W, Levy MS, Jung ES. The effects of obesity and standing time on postural sway during prolonged quiet standing. Ergonomics. 2009 Aug;52(8):977-86.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversidad de Málaga. Campus de Excelencia Internacional Andalucía Tech.es_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_ES
dc.subjectObesidades_ES
dc.subjectDisminuidos mentaleses_ES
dc.subject.otherObesityes_ES
dc.subject.otherIndependencees_ES
dc.subject.otherBalancees_ES
dc.subject.otherIntellectuales_ES
dc.subject.otherDisabilityes_ES
dc.titleEffect of obesity in Independence and balance in people with intelectual disabilityes_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/otheres_ES
dc.centroFacultad de Ciencias de la Saludes_ES
dc.relation.eventtitleEucapa 2014es_ES
dc.relation.eventplaceMadrid, Españaes_ES
dc.relation.eventdateComienzo: 30 Septiembrees_ES


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